Questions and answers on dental Implants
1. What is an implant and how it differs from the pin?
The implant - titanium screw, which is set by the surgeon directly into the bone of the jaw instead of completely missing tooth. At its core, this is an artificial tooth root. I put it as a support for an artificial crown, which will make a podiatrist. The pin is set to "native" tooth root when the tooth is broken, but its root may be used. So implantan - this is not the pin, although many patients confuse these concepts.
2. It is said that implants often do not survive. Probability luck 50/50. Or is it?
This is probably the most common misconception among patients. The same reasoning operate some doctors who do not know this technique and trying to persuade the patient of the fact what they can do (bridges, dentures). In fact, dental implants have become a safe and well-projected manipulation. At the moment, the success of dental implant 85-93%. This is a very high index for medicine. It is much higher, for example, the likelihood of successful retreatment channels if broken instruments, cysts, granulomas on the roots. Of course, there are contraindications to implantation, but lately their list was reduced significantly.
3. What is life and what is the guarantee on the implants.
On guarantees in medicine in general can say is very conditional. Therefore, this issue can be approached not from a medical position, but only with the legal and commercial. As a rule, it is indicated in the contract prior to implantation. What a service life of implants, and why does it depend? а) A lot depends on the anatomical conditions (Ie, the residual quantity and quality of bone in which the implant will be set). b) The general state of your body. c) Bad habits (when smoking, according to some estimates, the probability of inte-grace reduced by 15%), alcohol. d) The degree of hygiene - That is how you will take care of the implants. For some reason, many believe that if an artificial tooth, it does not require attention. In fact, on the contrary, attention and care needed even closer. e) The qualifications and experience of the doctor. f) Implant Quality.
4. Implants which company do you recommend? Which is better?
Today implantology is developing very rapidly. On the Ukrainian market there is a huge number of different systems. Not surprisingly, many patients it is reasonable to question arises: What is the best system? Correct answer - each. Any, which works good implantologist. But even at the price of one doctor for the installation of various implants is also different. In general, there are differences, of course. Globally implants can be divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (The most expensive) - it implants "Whales" in the industry. Basically it is the world's leaders, such as Straumann, Astra Tech, Nobel, Xive, Bio Horizont. Their products are high quality, excellent reasonableness of their components, a wide variety of different parts and components orthopedic Group 2 (Mid-range) - this company, are a little late replicate successful development proievo-ers of the first group. Less funds invest in its promotion in the marketplace. As a result - the lower price. The products of these companies are not always useful in some complex and unusual cases, when you need a flawless result. In this group I would have recorded implants Miss, Alpha-Bio, Alpha-Dent, Iterum. Group 3 (Budget option) - This product is generally domestic producers. Maximum limits in terms of prosthetic possibilities. These implatny very narrow possibilities doctor to achieve esthetic results. These implants, I would mention Vita Plant, Huko, Rus Implant. The vast majority of clinics has in its arsenal 2 3 system, one from each of Sx price groups. Thus, the choice is at the doctor and the patient, based on the specific situation. The most common implantation success depends on a team of professionals - implantology, orthopedic, dental technician.
5. What are the contraindications?
Every year the range of factors that make implantologist doctor refuse implantation - is shrinking. Therefore, in most cases we are not talking about the contraindications and the risk factors. These include - severe heart failure, a bleeding disorder, AIDS, active stage of cancer, children under the age of 16-18 years, pregnant women, active inflammation of the bone implant in the installation area.
6. How many painful herself implant placement?
Operation of the installation in the usual case implatata lasts about 20-30 minutes. It is performed under local anesthesia and is painless. The postoperative period, most often proceeds quietly. Usually, the doctor prescribes a course of antibiotics, analgesics, if necessary, decongestants. The vast majority of patients receiving unit 1-2 implants say that manipulation is transferred much easier than removing a tooth. In some cases it may appear swelling, bruising, minor pain, body temperature rise. If you are planning extensive vmeshatel-tion, when the implant is aligned with the removal of teeth, bone grafting, when at one time is set a few implants in the jaw, Zion postoperative period will take place a little less comfortably. However, generally, any discomfort passes after 3-5 days after the procedure.
7. How much is the installation of the implant?
The cost of implant treatment is very high. However, it is gaining mass because benefits compared to conventional methods prosthesis, outweigh the seriousness of the financial costs. In addition, failure of implantation in favor of the simpler options (such as bridges) Financial ratios are rarely justified in the future. Grinding of teeth for crowns, their overload will inevitably lead to accelerated loss, and, therefore, to new costs for the closure of large defects in a few years.
8. Do I need tests before installing the implant?
This question is very simple. In all ordinary cases - CBC. If the patient has some serious common diseases (eg, due to old age) but large planned interference, general anesthesia, then the physician may request individually analyzes which will help to decide on the degree of risk of implant procedures. Also, to survey the anatomical features of the jaws recommended computed tomography, orthopan-tomography.
9. What is the best implant or a bridge?
Disadvantages of the bridge prosthesis. 1. Overloading abutment teeth: they begin to work for themselves and "for that guy", ie to wear... This will significantly reduce their lifespan. 2. The need for teeth grinding (often completely healthy, removing the nerves of them) 3. The loss of bone at the site of the extracted tooth. So it has inherent nature - all that does not work decrepit. Bone is happening the same thing. Load it hanging tooth is not transmitted and it atrophies, and, therefore, then it will be difficult to resort to implantation. 4. Difficult hygiene - teeth in the prosthesis, associated in a single block, interfere with hygienic measures. Because of this may appear bad breath, inflamed gums under the crown. Cons implantation. - Higher price. - Longer periods of treatment. - Conducting surgical procedures. This, perhaps, and all. There are rare exceptions when a small bridge can be a better solution than the installation of the implant, especially when it is associated with the preparatory bone grafting. But it is still the exception.